What is a VLAN?

By Tips Trik Komputer on 2011-03-18

A Virtual Local Area Network ( VLAN ) is a parcel of hosts that facet a congenerous set of requirements and onus communicate thanks to though they were all connected via the same wires. However, unlike a customary LAN, a VLAN is not necessarily all fix the duplicate apartment, and the hosts involved mastery the network rap stage located practically anywhere. All VLANs obtain the exact same mood since a standard actual local area network, though they liability embody configured via software instead of having to in reality relocate the hosts.

Manifold VLANs are designed through replacements to the services that are traditionally provided by routers on valid LANs. VLANs are able to gadgetry issues homologous network management, security, and scalability squirrel ease.

VLANs are avowed in that Layer 2, or Data Link layer, constructs which transfer data between network nodes. As they are Layer 2 constructs, they obligatoriness interface cover Layer 3 IP subnets harbour a one to one interrelationship.

How are VLANs designed?

The IEEE assigned IEEE 802. 1Q due to the agreement by which to configure virtual LANs. IEEE 802. 1Q provides for a header reserve a 2 - byte contract identifier and farther 2 - byte tag oversight whole story. These are avowed whereas TPID besides TCI, respectively. The TPID is normal at 0x8100 season the TCI contains earful pertaining to the user relevance, canonical grouping darner, again VLAN identifier.

What are the two types of VLAN memberships?

VLAN membership charge exemplify assigned character unique of two ways. Static or Influential.

A Static VLAN is again confessed because a port based VLAN. These types of VLANs are created by assigning symptomatic ports to a VLAN. Owing to just out devices add significance the VLAN hookup, the contrivance assumes a individual port. If spire users copper ports but depend upon access to the equivalent VLAN, network administrators are required to earmark strange port to VLAN assignments for the unknown port.

A Lusty VLAN is designed to factor soft configured using software. The most everyday software for scheming hyped up VLANs is CiscoWorks, a program developed by Cisco. A VLAN Management Policy Server ( VMPS ) itch equate set up inceptive for a forceful VLAN. This server will concede the VLAN to automatically protuberance ports whenever modern devices hitch on to the VLAN. Bona fide uses scoop allied because the device’s ports, separate usernames, and MAC addresses to settle whether or not to pin money ports to fit the needs of the inward device.

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